FinTech = Financial Technology, namely technology, notably information technology, that is used for the provision of banking, insurance, financial, investment or payment services. The term is also used to refer to growth companies that develop new financial technologies or new services based on financial technologies.

Examples of FinTech innovations and phenomena

  • robotic asset management
  • mobile wallets
  • customer service chatbots
  • crypto assets, such as Bitcoin, Litecoin and Ethereum
  • peer-to-peer lending and peer-to-peer insurance
  • smart contracts.

What is the FIN-FSA’s role in digitalisation and FinTech issues?

Digitalisation is transforming the structures and operating practices of society, and the financial sector is no exception. Increasing competition, regulatory reform and changing customer needs and expectations are encouraging financial companies to develop services and products based on new technologies for their customers. The FIN-FSA keeps track of technological advances and trends in the financial sector, accommodating its supervisory activities to reflect the development of the sector. The FIN-FSA is also the authorisation authority for financial companies. New service providers, such as FinTech start-up companies, apply for authorisation or registration with the FIN-FSA, as required. The FIN-FSA welcomes innovation but, in its role as an authority, it also needs to identify the risks inherent in innovation.

  • FIN-FSA completes review of Nokia Corporation’s information disclosure
    The Financial Supervisory Authority (FIN-FSA) has reviewed disclosure of information by Nokia Corporation in autumn 2019. At that time, Nokia Corporation’s share price fell substantially after the company had, in its interim financial report, disclosed a changed outlook for 2019 and 2020 and the company’s resolve not to pay Q3 and Q4 dividends for the financial year 2018. The FIN-FSA review concerned whether Nokia Corporation had issued a profit warning as required by regulation.
    Press release
    Capital markets FIN-FSA Press release
  • Macroprudential decision: Countercyclical capital buffer requirement and housing loan cap remain unchanged, credit institutions’ risk weight floor discontinued
    The Board of Financial Supervisory Authority (FIN-FSA) will not impose a countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) requirement on banks and other credit institutions. The maximum LTC ratio, i.e. loan cap, will be maintained at its statutory standard level of 90% (first-home loans 95 %), to which it was restored in summer 2020. The decisions support conditions for economic growth. The FIN-FSA Board will not extend the validity of the risk weight floor, which entered into force in 2018.
    Press release
    Risk weight floor Loan cap Countercyclical capital buffer Decision Macroprudential
  • Finnish financial sector has so far withstood the effects of the coronavirus pandemic well - operating environment remains uncertain, however
    The Finnish financial sector has so far withstood the effects of the coronavirus pandemic reasonably well. The economic downturn and the coronavirus pandemic, however, are affecting different actors with different intensities and time spans. A number of public and private sector measures have sustained the real economy: the Financial Supervisory Authority’s macroprudential decisions are supporting the supply of credit, and the recommendation to refrain from profit distributions has strengthened financial sector actors’ risk-bearing capacity. The instalment-free periods granted by banks have eased the situation of households and businesses. Monetary and fiscal policy has also been expansionary.
    Press release
    Unemployment funds Solvency Financial sector Banking sector Pension sector Life insurance Non-life insurance FIN-FSA Press release
  • FIN-FSA ordered supplementary amounts of conditional fine imposed on Danko Koncar payable
    Press release
  • Financial Supervisory Authority extends the validity of its profit distribution recommendation until 1 January 2021 and clarifies expectations related to capital and liquidity buffers
    On 28 July 2020, the European Central Bank (ECB) issued a recommendation to the credit institutions under its supervision to refrain from distributing profits until 1 January 2021. The ECB recommendation calls on national supervisors to extend similar principles to cover the credit institutions under their own supervision. On 27 May 2020, the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) also issued a recommendation on the restriction of profit distributions until 1 January 2021.
    Press release
    Profit distribution Liquidity buffer Capital buffer